General Infos about Corn Island
One of the things which first strikes the
visitor to Nicargua's Corn Island is the dichotomy of the people, their
language and their customs compared with those on the mainland. A
visitor described his first visit to Corn Island by saying "I closed my
eyes, listened to the conversation and the music, and thought I was
somewhere else...like Jamaica."
Corn Island is located in the Caribbean Sea, 52 miles from the port city
of Bluefields. Its population of approximately 8,500 is predominantly Carib. The largest of the Corn Islands is approximately
miles in size. Little Corn Island, about nine miles northeast of the
largest island, is a little over four square mile in size with a
population of 2000. Corn Island has almost 16,400 feet of white sand
beach and crystal water which are ideal for swimming, snorkeling, and
other water sports.
Just 17.5 miles from Corn Island are the Pearl Keys. They are
practically unexplored and their clear waters are ideal for fishing and
About a mile southeast of Corn Island divers can explore the wreck of
Spanish galleon which lies in 72 feet of clear water. Since this area
was a favorite haunt of pirates who roamed the Caribbean, it is thought
that many other ancient wrecks - some most certainly still containing
their rich cargo - lie in the waters off the Corn Islands.
For centuries, the Corn Islands were under British domination and served
as a refuge for British, Dutch and French pirates escaping the Spanish
fleet. Thus, it is not just idle speculation that the waters are the
final resting place for countless ships waylaid on the route to Europe.
It was not until the year 1894 that the government of Nicaragua declared
the area's sovereignty.
Most of Nicaragua's Caribbean coast is inhabited by Miskito Indians,
descendants of the Caribs who were driven from the Pacific coast by the
ancient Nahuas of Pipiles Indians. The Caribs spread our through the
dense rain forests which cover much of Nicaragua's Caribbean coastal
area settling along the large rivers which run through the area. Some
still reside on the Corn Islands to this day. Most of the population of
Corn Island is either black or a mixture of black and Miskito Indian.
However, the British influence still exists in the language and the type
of housing seen on the island.
Two (some days 3) 1:30 hr. flights are available from Managua with small
aircraft operated by La Costeña and Air Alantic. Tourism is just
starting even though the beauty of the sea and white sand beaches is
incredible. Services still are influenced by the local relaxed way.
Snorkle around the islands; beautiful coral formations.